Echeveria


The Echeveria plant is an ornamental succulent from the Tolstyankov family. This genus includes about 1.5 hundred different species that grow in the regions of South and Central America. The flower was named after a Mexican artist who illustrated botanical books.

At home, Echeveria feels good and looks great, and with proper care it even pleases with flowers. Sometimes Echeveria is confused with a rejuvenated plant; both of these varieties are popularly called a "stone rose". Despite the external similarity, these plants are completely different. Echeveria is a houseplant that needs high air temperature and a certain level of humidity.

Description of echeveria

Echeveria is also called a stone rose due to the beautiful arrangement of the plant's thick leaves. The diameter of the succulent rosette can be up to 40 cm, but it develops very slowly. For a year, only a few fresh leaves and baby rosettes appear on the bush. The length of the oval foliage with a sharp tip ranges from 3 to 20 cm. The width varies from 1 to 15 cm. The color of the leaf blades can be gray-blue, green, red, burgundy or pinkish-purple. In different types of Echeveria, the leaves can be smooth or have a slight pubescence. The fleshy leaves of the succulent are quite fragile.

Like most succulents, Echeveria does not require special attention. Among the main conditions for keeping her bushes is a warm and sunny place. Echeveria blooms in the spring or summer, although some varieties of the plant can bloom in the winter. During this period, long peduncles with inflorescences of bell flowers appear on the bushes. Flowering can last up to 3 weeks.

The plant is very hardy. If the owners of echeveria need to leave, in bright light and after moderate watering, the flower will calmly stand without additional care for about 3 weeks.

EKHEVERIA - secrets in care, watering, conditions of detention. ECHEVERIA

Brief rules for growing echeveria

The table shows brief rules for caring for echeveria at home.

Lighting levelThe bright light of the southern (or southeastern) window is preferred.
Content temperatureIn summer, the optimum temperature can be at room temperature - about 20-28 degrees, in winter about 10-15 degrees.
Watering modeIn summer, watering is carried out weekly, in winter - no more than once a month.
Air humidityThe plant does not need high humidity.
The soilLight soils are suitable, as well as special substrates for succulents.
Top dressingDuring the growth of the monthly, you can use the formulations for cacti.
TransferYoung bushes are transplanted every spring, adults - 3-4 times less often.
PruningThe structure of the plant does not require pruning.
BloomBlooming at home can last from a couple of weeks to a month.
Dormant periodThe dormant period begins in winter.
ReproductionBaby rosettes, leafy cuttings, less often seeds.
PestsAphids, spider mites and mealybugs.
DiseasesCan be affected by fungal diseases due to improper care.

Echeveria care at home

Echeveria care consists in following simple procedures, as well as in careful handling of the fragile rosette of the plant. The foliage of the flower has a very thin and easily damaged protective film, so it is better not to touch the succulent leaf blades unnecessarily.

Lighting

The natural habitat of Echeveria is sultry deserts, so the flower should not be protected from bright light. Bushes will grow best on southern or southeastern windowsills. A small shadow of Echeveria will also be able to transfer, but its outlet can stretch out in such conditions.

In summer, the succulent pot can be airborne. For a flower, you should choose a place sheltered from rains and winds.

Temperature

Echeveria prefers a fairly high temperature. In summer, it can rise up to 20-28 degrees. In winter, it is recommended to keep the succulent cool. At this time, the room should be no more than 10-15 degrees. The lower threshold for growing echeveria is considered to be 6 degrees Celsius. When growing winter-flowering species, a temperature of about 18-20 degrees should be created for them.

The delicate leaves of Echeveria react sharply to a strong cold snap, so the frosty air can significantly affect the decorative effect of the plant. Because of this, in winter, the flower should be protected from drafts while airing the room.

Watering

Abundant watering is not required for the bushes, on the contrary, Echeveria prefers rare and scarce moisture. To do this, use settled or rainwater, warmed to room temperature. In the summer, you can water the plantings about once a week, as the topsoil dries out. It should have time to dry out by about 3-4 cm. In winter, the number of waterings is reduced to monthly.

When watering echeveria, it is important to ensure that drops do not fall on its foliage, as well as inside the outlet itself. Stagnant moisture in these areas can lead to rotting of the bush. To avoid this, you can use bottom watering. Excess water from the pan must be drained: such plants perceive drought better than overflow.

Humidity level

The plant tolerates low humidity levels and can grow well even near batteries. This eliminates the need to spray the outlets.

Capacity selection

The root system of Echeveria is located close to the surface of the soil, so the bush will need a shallow, but wide enough capacity. Its size should exceed the diameter of the outlet itself by about 2 cm. It is important that there are drainage holes in the pot, otherwise, with stagnant moisture, the roots of the flower may begin to rot.

The soil

To grow echeveria, a fairly poor sandy soil is required. His reaction should be neutral. You can use ready-made succulent substrates or prepare the ground yourself. To do this, mix sand with turf and leafy soil (2: 1: 1) or sand with peat and loam (in the same proportions). To prevent the development of rot, charcoal can be added to the soil. Drainage must be laid at the bottom of the tank. The height of its layer should be about a third of the total size of the pot. Small pebbles, brick debris, clay shards or expanded clay are suitable for this.

Top dressing

Echeveria does not require frequent feeding. During the period of active development (spring-summer), the flower is monthly fertilized with compositions for cacti or succulents, using only half of the recommended dose. Overfeeding the plant is not worth it - excess nutrition has a bad effect on sensitive roots.

Transfer

Echeveria is usually transplanted in the spring, during this period the bushes begin to grow and more easily tolerate movement. Young plants need to change their capacity every year, adults 3-4 times less often. In the absence of transplants, you can simply replace the top layer of soil in pots.

How to sink Echeveria. Planting a stone rose succulent in a pot with a drainage hole.

The transplant process must be carried out very carefully. A few days before the procedure, the plant is not watered in order to transplant it from dry soil. The flower is pulled out of the pot along with a lump of soil, lightly shaking off the old earth. In this case, the roots of the plant should be examined, removing the affected or damaged parts. All sections are treated with a fungicide, and then sprinkled with crushed coal. When transplanting, the roots are straightened. All of them should be directed downward and not bend. From above, the flower is covered with fresh earth, tamping it only slightly. After transplanting, the bush is kept in the shade and not watered for at least a week.

Pruning

The structure of echeveria does not require pruning. The only sanitary procedure is to remove the drying bottom sheet plates. This keeps the outlets looking attractive.

Pruning can be carried out only if the shoots of the flower are too elongated during the winter. At this time, the top of the rosette is cut off, leaving only 3-4 cm from the ground level. This procedure rejuvenates the plant and stimulates the growth of fresh shoots. The cut off part is usually used for breeding.

Bloom

Most often, Echeveria bloom in spring or summer. Flowering can last from a couple of weeks to a month. During this period, a vertical or lateral flower arrow appears on the plant, on which small bell-shaped flowers bloom. They are located in inflorescences. In this case, the intensity and even tone of the color of flowers directly depends on the abundance of lighting. If the plant is dimly lit, the flowers will be yellow, and in bright light, their color turns red or orange. Sometimes, after the wilting of the inflorescence, children appear at the ends of the peduncles.

Echeveria begins to bloom only in the 2nd or 3rd year of cultivation. To stimulate it, it is necessary to create the right conditions for the flower. Among them are a fairly long daylight hours (from 12 hours) and a low temperature (no more than 18 degrees). After a couple of months of keeping in such conditions, a peduncle should appear on the echeveria. When this happens, watering should be slightly increased, and the plant should be fed with a specialized fertilizer for flowering species.

Dormant period

The vast majority of Echeveria rest in winter. At this time, plantings require bright light and a low temperature of about 10-15 degrees. Watering is carried out once a month.

Echeveria breeding methods

Echeveria flowers give seeds only with artificial pollination. Their cultivation is not very difficult, but still indoor species are most often propagated using daughter rosettes or leaves.

Growing from seeds

Growing echeveria from seeds is considered the most difficult method of reproduction. During the flowering of the plant, the florist must independently pollinate the flowers, then carefully observe the ripening of the seeds and collect them in time. Acidic soil is suitable for sowing seeds. The seeds are laid out on the surface of the earthen coma, and are not covered with anything. Then the container with seeds must be placed in a warm sunny place (air temperature 25-30 degrees), the humidity must also be high. It is better to germinate echeveria seeds in a container with a transparent lid, and also equipped with good drainage. It is rather difficult to propagate a plant in this way, moreover, the result is often not encouraging, but if all the recommendations are followed correctly, you can grow many sprouts at the same time.

Leaf propagation

The bottom leaf of the plant is carefully separated from the outlet and the cut is dried in the air for about 2.5 hours. After that, the leaf is immediately placed in a substrate suitable for echeveria, slightly pressing it into the ground. The soil is lightly sprayed with a spray bottle, and then the cutting is covered with a jar or glass and placed in a warm place. The planting is aired every day, and when the soil dries up, it is moistened. In a few weeks, babies should form at the base of the leaf - from one to several pieces. Young plants are planted in their own pots after the cutting leaves are completely dry.

Echeveria - propagation by leaves

Reproduction by rosettes

One of the echeveria rosettes (root or apical) is separated from the plant with a sharp instrument. The lower foliage is removed and the cut is air-dried. After that, the rosette is planted in a substrate suitable for the flower. At a temperature of about +24, it should take root in about a month.

Diseases and pests

Echeveria is rarely affected by pests or diseases, most often problems begin due to errors in the maintenance of the flower.

  • The socket begins to stretch due to lack of light.
  • Echeveria leaves wither due to too little watering.
  • Yellow spots appear on the foliage due to stagnant liquid at the roots or fungal diseases.
  • Brown spots on foliage are caused by fungal diseases.
  • The rosette rots at the base due to excess moisture in the soil.
  • Darkening of stems and foliage is a consequence of too cold air or waterlogged soil.

Among the pests of echeveria are aphids, spider mites and mealybugs.

Types and varieties of echeveria with photos and names

Echeveria laui

The most distinctive of all types. Under natural conditions, this species can be found in the vastness of Mexico, where, in conditions of high temperatures, it grows in rocky gorges. The leaves are collected in a rosette, the stem is short or practically absent. The leaves themselves are wide and oval, up to 6 centimeters long and 3 cm wide. The leaves are covered with a waxy film, like the flower stalks. The flowers are small, dark pink in color.

Echeveria graceful (Echeveria elegans)

A low (up to 5 cm) plant with a thick stem. Echeveria elegans forms lateral baby rosettes. The foliage is light green and has a bluish bloom. The length of the leaf reaches 6 cm, and the width is about 1 cm. The flowers are colored reddish-orange and have a yellow top.

Echeveria carnicolor

The species is distinguished by small oblong leaves. Echeveria carnicolor gets its name from their slight pinkish tint. The flowers of such a plant are red.

Echeveria glauca

Wax-coated spoon-shaped leaves of this species have a gray-blue color and are complemented by a pinkish border. Echeveria glauca produces bright yellow-orange flowers.

Echeveria Black Prince

Hybrid form, characterized by a reddish-brown foliage. Echeveria Black Prince forms rosettes about 15 cm wide. Flowers are colored dark red or orange.

Echeveria white-haired (Echeveria leucotricha)

The rosette is located on a short stem. Its diameter in Echeveria leucotricha is up to 15 cm.The foliage from the inside has a bulge. Her color combines a green background with brownish edges. On all sides, the leaves are covered with a thick light fluff. The length of the leaf plates reaches 10 cm, and the width is up to 3 cm. The peduncle can reach half a meter in height, on it are inflorescences of reddish-brown flowers.

Echeveria brilliant (Echeveria fulgens Lera)

This species is well bushy. Echeveria fulgens Lera forms shoots with baby rosettes on the tops. The length of the foliage is about 10 cm, and its width reaches 4 cm. The color of the leaves is greenish-burgundy, with a glossy waxy surface.

Echeveria Derenbergii

The species forms tight rosettes about 6 cm across. Echeveria Derenbergii produces a gray-green foliage with a pinkish tint to the tips. The length of the leaves is about 4 cm, and the width is about 2 cm. The size of the peduncles reaches only 6 cm; yellowish-orange flowers bloom on them in the leaf axils.

Useful properties of echeveria

Echeveria brings not only beauty to the house: this plant has a good effect on the composition of the air in the room, contributing to its enrichment with ozone, oxygen and air ions, although many such plants will be needed to feel the effect. It is believed that Echeveria helps to create an atmosphere of calm and harmony in the house.

Echeveria foliage has a disinfecting effect and can be useful for suppuration, burns or scratches. The sap and parts of the plant are used in folk medicine.


Echeveria stone rose: cultivation and application of succulent

In modern gardening, traditional solutions have been supplemented by new types of techniques for decorating interiors and exteriors with extraordinary plants. Succulents are considered very popular, which can grow in almost all climatic zones, harmoniously decorating various kinds of containers. A striking representative of such "stone roses" is Echeveria or Echeveria.The intricate shapes of the leaves make the plant in demand both when creating a landscape design for a site and the interior of a house. We suggest that you familiarize yourself with the features of such a culture, the rules of caring for it.


Description of the Echeveria plant

Echeveria, stone rose, rejuvenated, tenacious - all these are the names of one plant. This is a succulent of the genus bastard. It looks like an intricate rosette consisting of fleshy leaves. It reproduces by shoots, but it can also be grown from seeds. It has about 40 species and several thousand varieties, the variety of forms of which delights and surprises.

Due to its unpretentiousness, it perfectly takes root both in the apartment and on the street. The main condition is a place with a lot of sunshine.

In the Middle Ages, it was used as a roof for their houses in order to ward off lightning strikes from them. Later, the stone rose was planted on the roofs of houses. It served as a reinforcement for the roof, filling in those areas where there were no tiles. In addition, she was credited with a connection with the deity and believed that the presence of a young woman on the roof of a building protects its inhabitants from various ailments.

In the 19th century in France, this flower began to be used for landscape design.... You can still see decorative carpets from this succulent in garden plots.


How to care for the Stone Rose

There is nothing difficult in caring for this plant.

Homemade succulent plant in a pot. Photo is used as an illustration. Source: Yandex.Images

For Echeveria to flourish, plant them in soil with good drainage properties (ideal substrate for cacti and succulents) and place the pot in a lighted area with diffused light.

Water the succulent plant only when the topsoil is completely dry and keep the moisture level at 40-50%.

The ideal temperature range for the content is between 18-27 ° C.

Remember to feed the Stone Rose with low nitrogen fertilizers every 3-4 weeks during all summer months. This will help keep the flower healthy.

One of the beauties of growing Echeveria is that they require little or no maintenance. But while the plant is easy to care for, there are some things to be aware of.

What's the best way to water?

Like other succulents, Echeveria stores water in their fleshy leaves. Therefore, in the spring and summer, they need regular watering. However, they should not be grown in permanently moist soil.

Homemade succulent plant in a pot. Photo is used as an illustration. Source: Yandex.Images

The plant needs watering when the topsoil is dry (about 2.5 centimeters). Water until water begins to drain through the drain holes. Then wait until the soil is dry.

Note! You need to water the soil, not the leaves.

In winter, the flower requires minimal watering. Too frequent or infrequent watering can cause the succulent to wilt, in which case the leaves will begin to wrinkle and fall off.

Lighting requirement

Echeveria grows in tropical countries, so it needs sun. So, place the pot where the plant will receive several hours of bright sunlight.

Homemade succulent plant in a pot. Photo is used as an illustration. Source: Yandex.Images

You can occasionally rotate the plant to make sure the flower is getting enough sunlight.

But be careful, more than 4 hours of scorching sun rays can cause sunburn on the leaves.

Climatic features and wintering

Echeveria grow well indoors with a humidity of about 40-50%. In spring and summer, your indoor succulents require temperatures between 18 and 27 ° C.

In winter, this temperature should be lower by several degrees. The ideal temperature range during this time is 18 to 20 ° C.

What soil to use for planting and transplanting

Since cacti are also succulents, the soil for cacti is ideal for planting Echeveria.

Homemade succulent plant in a pot. Photo is used as an illustration. Source: Yandex.Images

The main thing is that the substrate has excellent drainage properties, otherwise root rot will appear.

Don't forget to choose the right pot. It should be slightly larger than the root ball and have wide drainage holes. This will ensure the ideal soil moisture level.

Fertilization

As a rule, Echeveria does not require any feeding.

However, if you want to stimulate growth, you can use a fertilizer with a low nitrogen content 3-4 times less than the recommended rate.

Feed every 3-4 weeks throughout the summer.


Succulent plant care at home

Lighting

Like most succulents, Lilac Echeveria loves plenty of sunshine and warmth. A well-lit window is the perfect place to grow a flower at home.

Photo is used as an illustration. Source: Yandex.Images

It is also worth noting that a large amount of sunlight improves the health of the flower and gives the leaves a rich color.

Watering and feeding

Be careful with watering this Echeveria: never wet the leaves of the Succulent, water the bush from below, and only when the soil is completely dry.

During the spring and summer months, you can start feeding Lilacina with a water-soluble liquid fertilizer with a low to medium nitrogen content. Follow the instructions on the package carefully and never fertilize in winter.

Soil and transplant

For Echeveria, a special soil for cacti and succulents is ideal. The main requirement is that the substrate is porous and has good drainage properties.

Photo is used as an illustration. Source: Yandex.Images

Transplanting is best done in early spring. Wait for the soil to dry completely and then remove the plant. Gently remove soil from the roots and check for damage or rot. Cut off these areas and treat the cuts with a fungicide.

Note! It is recommended to leave the plant outdoors and dry for 1-2 days.

After that, place the flower in fresh, dry soil that is suitable for cacti and succulents, and do not water the Echeveria for a week.

Flower propagation

Echeveria do not produce a large number of children; some individual species remain solitary throughout their lives.

Photo is used as an illustration. Source: Yandex.Images

But if the babies are still formed, just separate them from the parent plant and plant them in separate pots.


Solution of problems

Under optimal growing conditions, the plant is rarely affected by pests and diseases. But if the microclimate is unsuitable or there are constant mistakes in care, for example, the owners are too zealous with watering, then the appearance of the echeveria deteriorates, and in the future the plant may die.

Table: the stem is elongated, the leaves are wrinkled - these and other care errors

If care errors are not eliminated in time, echeveria loses its immunity and is exposed to fungal and other lesions, as well as attack by pests.

Table: symptoms of diseases and pests and methods of dealing with them


Diseases

Echeveria is susceptible to rot and fungal diseases. They often occur when the succulent is constantly hydrated. Areas of roots, stems and leaves turn black or brown. If nothing is done, then the rot provokes the appearance of bacteria and kills the entire bush.

Photo is used as an illustration. Source: Yandex.Images

Therefore, as soon as you notice that your plant is rotting, you will need to take action immediately. Get your Black Prince out of the ground and cut off all the decayed parts. Then let the plant dry for a few days and transplant it into new soil (not watering for several days).


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